TenochtitlanTenochtitlán Facts

Tenochtitlán Emperors

Below is a list of the Aztec emperors that ruled Tenochtitlán, also called tlatoani, the aztec term for Speaker.

Acamapichtli

Acamapichtli was the first Great Speaker (emperor) of the Mexica or Aztecs and ruled during ca. 1376-1396. Other two emperos that followed Acamapichtli are Huitzilihuitl (son of Acamapichtli) and Chimalpopoca

Itzcoatl

Son of a slave woman and an Aztec noble, he rose by military leadership to be king (1428 - 1440) of the Aztec tribe in the city of Tenochtitlán in the middle of Lake Texcoco.

Montezuma I

Montezuma I, the fifth emperor of the Aztec Empire, ruled during ca. 1440-1469 and represented the Mexica people's first real independence and power.

Axayacatl

Axayacatl was the sixth emperor, or tlatoani (speaker), of the Aztec Empire. He followed the great Montezuma I, who had ruled for nearly 30 years and expanded the empire.

Tizoc

Tizoc was the seventh emperor of the Aztec Empire and served from 1481 to 1486. He is famous for having the shortest and most unsuccessful reign of all the emperors in Aztec history.

Ahuitzotl

Ahuitzotl was the eighth emperor of the Aztec Empire. He succeeded his older brother Tizoc. Despite other Aztec leaders' misgivings because of Ahuitzotl's age, he proved to be one of the most successful emperors of the Aztecs.

Montezuma II

Montezuma II was the ninth emperor of the Aztec Empire, reigning from 1502 to 1520. After earning a reputation for both cruelty and reforms that favored the nobility, he met his match in 1519 when the Spaniard Hernando Cortés used Machiavellian tactics to take Montezuma hostage and begin the destruction of his once seemingly invincible empire.

Cuitlahuac

Cuitláhuac was the 10th emperor of the Aztec Empire. A council of noblemen chose him to be Great Speaker in 1520 after an angry crowd of Aztecs killed the previous emperor for collaborating with the Spaniards.

Cuauhtemoc

Cuauhtémoc was the last emperor of the Aztec Empire, reigning from 1520 until his capture by the Spanish. He resisted Spanish conquerors from their first appearance, led Aztec warriors in their final battle, and endured torture at the hands of Spaniards seeking treasure after his defeat.